Investment Perspectives in Human Resources Management and Its Contribution on Organizational Performance and Competitive Advantages
The dynamics of business environment signed by the volatility, uncertainty, complexity and ambiguity (VUCA) is urging organizations to rethink and redefine their business strategies and the source of their performance and competitive advantage. Human resources (human capital) hold the most important role in achieving organizational goals through the alignment of human capital investment and the organizational strategy. This article investigates on how the organization manage and align the investment in human resources (human capital) with the strategy of the organization and does investment in human capital have impact to the organizational performance and contribute to the creating value and competitive advantages of the organization. Based on the literature reviews and previous researches, we found that the alignment of investment in human resource (human capital) and organizational strategy is mediated by strategic performance management system namely Balanced Scorecard. The investment in human resources (human capital) has positive impact on organizational performance. Finally, The investment in human resources (human capital) has positive contribution to value creation and competitive advantages of the organizations.